THE IDEOLOGICAL BACKGROUND OF BITCOIN: the unintended, but predicted, convenience of anonymity for criminal activities

Carla Maria de Oliveira Costardi Costardi

Resumo


Bitcoin, a primeira criptomoeda e a primeira aplicação conhecida do Blockchain, está relacionada de perto com o movimento contracultural chamado Cypherpunks. O ativismo dos Cypherpunks, como consta em seu manifesto, foi - e ainda é – dedicado ao desenvolvimento de ferramentas para proporcionar um ambiente onde a privacidade seja protegida. Para eles, privacidade não é sigilo; privacidade é o poder de se revelar seletivamente para o mundo. Bitcoin é um resultado direto dessa aspiração, já que Satoshi Nakamoto – enquanto desenvolvia a Bitcoin – empenhou seus esforços para criar um software que refletisse essa ambição e foi bem sucedido no desenvolvimento de um que, de uma só vez: (i) abrigou a privacidade através do pseudoanonimato, (ii) forneceu um registro público inalterável de todas as transações concluídas com Bitcoin e (iii) desafiou a política monetária estadocêntrica e o sistema bancário tradicional através de uma rede descentralizada de nós operacionais que funcionam como validadores das informações contidas no registro público. Neste artigo, por meio do estabelecimento de relações entre a ideologia Cypherpunk e Bitcoin, eu defendo que a conveniência do uso do Bitcoin em atividades criminosas é, originalmente, um efeito não intencional da ideologia que lastreou o desenvolvimento das criptomoedas mas, provavelmente, um risco colateral que o criador estava disposto a correr.


Palavras-chave


Bitcoin, Cypherpunks, Crime Organizado, Terrorismo, Proteção da Privacidade

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.31412%2Frbcp.v12i4.701

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