O tiro de polícia: decisão irreversível em ambientes complexos

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.31412/rbcp.v13i10.969

Palavras-chave:

ambientes complexos, tomada de decisão, polícia, tiro

Resumo

Em ambientes dinâmicos com elevado grau de incerteza, o tempo de resposta é menor, porquanto o processo antecipatório simplifica o processo de seleção da informação, foca-se no alvo e em simultâneo usa estratégias de controlo do ambiente, onde a intuição ou instinto, sempre que recorrem à memória de trabalho de longo prazo e se aliam à maior experiência, prática e perícia, aumentam a eficiência da decisão, cujo sucesso é tanto maior, quanto mais próximo da realidade estiver o “scanning ambiente” (Tenenbaum, 2004). Considerados alguns ambientes policiais complexos e geradores de stress (e.g., buscas, revistas, detenções de criminosos, rixas), exige-se do investigador criminal a capacidade de gerir a imprevisibilidade e risco associado, e de decidir com rapidez a partir da selecção e tratamento da informação situacional, apenas possível se houver organizacionalmente elevados índices de formação e treino frequente, com enfoque para os exercícios de tiro com simulador porque mais próximos da realidade. O processo decisório do polícia é, pelos motivos invocados, complexo e condicionado por variáveis psicofisiológicas, ambientais e de tarefa (Davies, 2015). Sistemas sociais complexos, exigem elevadas competências técnicas ao nível do tiro de polícia e inerentemente da TD dos investigadores criminais da P.J., cujo desempenho, através do único estudo conhecido em Portugal com estas variáveis, deverá ser objeto de reflexão por evidenciar dados pouco consentâneos com os resultados de excelência pretendidos.

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Biografia do Autor

Linhares dos Reis, Polícia Judici´ária, Lisboa, Portugal / Investigador

Mestre em Liderança, Pessoas e Organizações pela Academia Militar de Lisboa, Portugal. Licenciado em Estudos de Segurança pela Universidade Lusófona de Lisboa, Portugal. Investigador da Polícia Judiciária, Lisboa, Portugal. 

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Publicado

"30/09/2022"

Como Citar

REIS, C. J. L. dos . O tiro de polícia: decisão irreversível em ambientes complexos. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Policiais, Brasília, Brasil, v. 13, n. 10, p. 61–100, 2022. DOI: 10.31412/rbcp.v13i10.969. Disponível em: https://periodicos.pf.gov.br/index.php/RBCP/article/view/969. Acesso em: 27 nov. 2022.